PeggyB

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  1. April Desktops

    Post 7
  2. 4/29/17

    1429 Joan of Arc entered the city of Orléans. She would end its months-long siege and would become known as the "Maid of Orléans." 1916 The Easter rebellion in Ireland ended with the surrender of Irish nationalists. 1978 Japan's Naomi Uemura, traveling by sled dog, became the first person to reach the North Pole alone. 1980 Film director Alfred Hitchcock died at age of 80. 1986 Pitcher Roger Clemens set a major league baseball record by striking out 20 batters in a regular nine-inning game. He repeated his feat in 1996. 1992 A Los Angeles jury acquitted four police officers accused of beating Rodney King. Massive rioting and looting ensued. 1997 The first joint U.S.-Russian space walk was made by Jerry Linenger and Vasily Tsibliyev from space station Mir. 2011 Kate Middleton marries Prince William in a lavish royal wedding at Westminster Abbey in London. *****************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA******************************************************** 1945......................................American soldiers liberated the Dachau concentration camp. Dachau dä´khou [key], city, Bavaria, S Germany, on the Amper River chartered in 1391. It is a rail junction and its industries include the production of paper, cardboard, electrical equipment, and textiles. There is a 16th-century castle. Nearby was (1933–45) the first Nazi concentration camp , which today has a number of memorials and a museum. Records indicate that at least 32,000 inmates died at the Dachau concentration camp, and numberless more were transported to extermination camps in Poland.
  3. 5/29/17

    Nationality American Born on 29 April 1899 AD Sun Sign Taurus Born in Washington, D.C. Died on 24 May 1974 AD place of death New York Grouping of People African American Men, African American Singers, Black Musicians, Black Singers Cause of Death Cancer father James Edward Ellington mother Daisy Kennedy siblings Ruth Ellington Boatwright Spouses/Partners Edna Thompson, Mildred Dixon children Beatrice Ellis, Mercer Kennedy Ellington education Armstrong High School (1917) awards 1999 - Grammy Awards forHistorical Album 1979 - Grammy Awards for Best Jazz Instrumental Performance Big Band 1976 - Grammy Awards for Best Jazz Performance By A Big Band 1972 - Grammy Awards for Best Jazz Performance By A Big Band 1971 - Grammy Awards for Best Jazz Performance By A Big Band 1968 - Grammy Awards for Best Instrumental Jazz Performance – Large Group 1967 - Grammy Awards for Best Instrumental Jazz Performance Large Group 1966 - Grammy Awards for Best Original Jazz Composition 1965 - Grammy Awards for Best Instrumental Jazz Performance - 1959 - Grammy Awards for Best Performance By A Dance Band 1959 - Grammy Awards for Best Musical Composition First Recorded 1959 - Grammy Awards Best Sound Track Album – Background Score Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington was an American jazz pianist, composer, and bandleader. He is regarded as one of the greatest jazz composers and a prolific performer of his time. Most of his musical works on instruments set standards for others, which were later adapted into songs. This renowned jazz musician exhibited his excellence in film scores and classical compositions too. Considered a very important personality in the history of jazz music, he liked to call his music ‘American Music’ instead of jazz. A bandleader, pianist and a composer, Ellington was nicknamed ‘Duke’ by his childhood friends for his gracious and well-mannered behavior. He was truly a genius in the sense of instrument combinations, arranging jazz and improvising music that made Ellington stand unique among other composers of his time. His reputation as a composer and bandleader is intact even after his death. He collaborated with many others and wrote more than one thousand compositions and many of his extant works became a standard in jazz music. Ellington and his orchestra saw a major career revival after an appearance at the Newport Jazz Festival, Rhode Island, in July 1956. He recorded for most American record companies of his time and performed in several films and composed several stage musicals. With his creative genius, Ellington elevated the perception of jazz to an art form on a par with other traditional musical genres. Ellington married his high school sweetheart Edna Thompson on July 2, 1918 at the age of 19. On March 11, 1919 they were blessed with a baby boy, their first and only child. They named him Mercer Kennedy Ellington. They parted ways in late twenties and in the year 1928 Mildred Dixon became Ellington’s companion and managed his company and travelled with him on his tours. In 1938, he left his family and started living with Beatrice "Evie" Ellis, who was a Cotton Club employee. In early 1960s he got close to Fernanda de Castro Monte. Tempo Music was later run by Ellington’s sister Ruth and his son played piano and trumpet and formed his own band which he also led. He was also his father’s business manager and after his death he controlled the band. Ellington died on May 24, 1974, due to pneumonia and lung cancer. He was entombed in the Woodlawn Cemetery, The Bronx, New York City. His last words were, "Music is how I live, why I live and how I will be remembered.” After his death, his band was controlled by his son, and they continued to release albums even after his death. “Digital Duke” won Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album in 1988 and the credits for the same were given to ‘The Duke Ellington Orchestra’. A number of memorials are dedicated to Ellington in Washington D.C, New York and Los Angeles. Duke Ellington School of the Arts in Washington D.C provides education to students who aspire to consider career in arts. This school was originally build in 1935 and named the Calvert Street Bridge. It was, however, renamed as Duke Ellington Bridge in 1974. Duke Ellington Building at 2121 Ward Place, NW got a bronze plaque attached to it in 1989. In 2010, a park was named after him across the street from his birth site named Duke Ellington Park. A coin featuring Ellington was launched on February 24, 2009, in the United States. He became the first American-African to be featured on a circulating coin in the US. The West 106th Street where he lived for years was named as Duke Ellington Boulevard after his death. The prestigious high school bands participate in a well-known annual competition named Essentially Ellington High School Jazz Band Competition and Festival. Ellington was listed in the list of 100 Greatest African-American by scholar Molefi Kete Asante in 2002.
  4. 4/28/17

    1788 Maryland became the 7th state in the United States. 1789 Fletcher Christian led the mutiny aboard the British ship Bounty against Captain William Bligh. 1945 Benito Mussolini was executed. 1947 Thor Heyerdahl and five others began their Pacific Ocean crossing on the raft, Kon-Tiki. 1967 Boxing champion Muhammad Ali refused to be inducted into the Army. 2001 Dennis Tito became the first space tourist. 2004 The Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal first comes to light when graphic photos of U.S. soldiers physically abusing and humiliating Iraqi prisoners were shown on CBS's 60 Minutes II. *************************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA************************************************ 1992..............................................The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture unveiled its first “food pyramid.” food pyramid or Food Guide Pyramid, diagram used in nutrition education that fits food groups into a triangle and notes that, for a healthful diet, those at the base should be eaten more frequently than those at the top. At the base of the pyramid are breads, cereals, rice, and pasta, with a recommendation that 6 to 11 servings be eaten daily. On the next levels up are the vegetable (3 to 5 servings) and fruit (2 to 4 servings) groups, followed by the dairy group (2 to 3 servings) and a group including meats, eggs, nuts, and dry beans (2 to 3 servings). Fats, oils and sweets are at the apex, with a recommendation that they be eaten sparingly. The Food Guide Pyramid was adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Department in 1992 as a replacement for the four food groups scheme that had been used to teach children about nutrition since the 1950s. The four food groups (the milk group, the meat group, the bread and cereals group, and the vegetable and fruit group) had put a greater emphasis on the consumption of meat and dairy products. The adoption of the food pyramid design was delayed by debate between nutritionists (who felt that it was an effective teaching tool that demonstrated current thinking about the benefits of a low-fat, high–complex carbohydrate diet) and the meat and dairy industries (which felt that the positioning of their products among the foods to be consumed less frequently implied that those foods were unhealthful). It was also criticized by many nutritionist who felt it did not distinguish clearly between more healthy and less healthy choices within the food groups. When the Food Guide Pyramid was revised in 2005, vertical sections were used to represent the components of a healthy diet. The food pyramid was replaced as a government guide to proper nutrition by a platelike design known as MyPlate in 2011.
  5. 4/28/17

    Nationality American Born on 28 April 1926 AD Sun Sign Taurus Born in Monroeville Died on 19 February 2016 AD place of death Monroeville, Alabama, U.S. City, States, Provinces & Districts Alabama Grouping of People Millionaires father Amasa Coleman Lee mother Frances Cunningham Finch siblings Alice Lee education University of Alabama, Huntingdon College, University of Oxford, 1944 - Monroe County High School, University of Alabama School of Law Net worth $35 million awards Pulitzer Prize for Fiction - 1961 Presidential Medal of Freedom - 2007 Quill Award for Audio book - 2007 Harper Lee was an American author who is renowned for her novel ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’. She did not seem to have many companions during her childhood except her neighbour and friend Truman Capote. Lee’s mother probably had some psychological ailments and this left a profound impact on her. Truman also faced domestic problems and the two found an outlet in each other to pour out these grievances which later came out through their writings. Lee wanted to become a writer and to chase this dream she dropped out from her course as an exchange student and tried to pursue her literary career. However, she encountered many obstacles in this path, the major challenge being financial instability. To earn a living and also continue her writing, she took up a job at the airlines. This deterred the aspiring writer from focussing on her writing completely, and she struggled to strike a balance between her work and passion for writing. As they say ‘Where there is a will, there is a way’, she was helped by friends in her pursuit when as a Christmas gift, she received a handsome amount which was enough for her to quit her job and focus on writing. She then penned her novel ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ which became a bestseller and is still sought after by readers. Harper Lee shared a life-long friendship with the renowned author Truman Capote and they both were friends even before they knew that they would take up writing as a profession and become significant literary figures. She is said to have maintained a private life and as such, little is known about her as a person. However, it is believed that the character of Scout in her novel has been moulded in accordance with the writer herself and knowing Scout would probably provide the readers an insight into Harper Lee. Harper Lee died in her sleep on February 19, 2016, at the age of 89. Her novel ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ has been made into a movie in the year 1962, by the same name and like the novel, the movie too earned appreciation, and even won three ‘Academy Awards’. This movie has also earned position in many significant lists such as the ‘National film Registry’ and ‘Great American Movies of All Time’ list made ‘American Film Institute’ on its 10th anniversary.
  6. Caption Contest #190

    Row, row, row your boat, gently down the stream.
  7. 4/27/17

    1521 Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was killed in a fight with natives of the Philippines. 1805 The U.S. Marines captured Derna, on the shores of Tripoli. 1956 Rocky Marciano retired as undefeated world heavyweight boxing champion. 1961 Sierra Leone gained independence from Great Britain. 1983 Pitcher Nolan Ryan surpassed Walter Johnson’s strikeout record—one that had held since 1927. 1987 Austrian president Kurt Waldheim was barred from entering the United States. He was accused of aiding in the execution of thousands of Jews in World War II. 1993 Eritrea declared itself independent. ******************************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA******************************************* 1865.......................The worst steamship disaster in the history of the United States occurred when there was an explosion aboard the Sultana; more than 1,400 people were killed. The explosion of the steamship Sultana on April 27, 1865, was the worst shipwreck in American history. Not only did more than 1,500 die, but most of the dead were Union POWs finally headed home at the end of the war. Having survived the Civil War and inhuman conditions at Andersonville and other notorious POW camps, it was a cruel irony that the soldiers died just as their ordeal was about to end. To transport POWs home at the end of the war, the government offered shipping companies a fee for every soldier they carried north on the Mississippi. The Sultana, a 1,700-ton steamship with a capacity to carry only a few hundred people, crowded almost 2,500 soldiers aboard, and headed north for Cairo, Ill. A little north of Memphis, its boiler exploded. There were no life boats or life jackets. Another irony of the disaster is how little attention it received, despite its being America's worst maritime disaster. Occurring in April 1865—the same month Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse (April 9), President Lincoln was assassinated (April 14), the manhunt for John Wilkes Booth ended (April 26), and Jefferson Davis and his cabinet were still at large—it was obscured in the welter of other events. Yet even today, few American history books mention the disaster, despite the fact that the Sultana remains unrivalled among shipping catastrophes and adds a particularly wretched chapter to our Civil War.
  8. 4/27/17

    Nationality Irish Born on 27 April 1904 Sun Sign Taurus Born in Ballintubber Died on 22 May 1972 place of death Hadley Wood father Rev. Frank Cecil Day-Lewis mother Kathleen Squires Spouses/Partners Constance Mary King, Jill Balcon children Daniel Day-Lewis, Tamasin Day-Lewis, Sean Day-Lewis, Nicholas Day-Lewis education Sherborne School, Wadham College, Oxford Cecil Day-Lewis, commonly known as C. Day Lewis CBE, was an Irish-born poet and novelist. He was also a British poet Laureate from 1968, until he died in 1972. During his lifetime he wrote numerous poems, essays and detective stories and considered himself a voice of revolution in the field of poetry and politics. His works also include many mystery stories under the pen name of Nicholas Blake. Although his writings received great praise from critics, in the last years of his life, his image and reputation became a major issue of debate. His first collection of poems called “Beechen Vigil” got published in 1925, while the last one titled “The Whispering Roots” in 1970. Lewis also translated Virgil’s famous works. He was the father of the popular actor Daniel Day-Lewis and documentary filmmaker and television chef Tamasin Day-Lewis. Day-Lewis died on May 22, 1972 of pancreatic cancer in the Hertfordshire home of Kingsley Amis and Elizabeth Jane Howard. As Lewis was a deep admirer of Thomas Hardy, he had made arrangements to be interred as close as possible to the great author’s grave in Stinsford churchyard. His inscription on the gravestone reads as follows: “Shall I be gone long? / For ever and a day / To whom there belong? / Ask the stone to say / Ask my song”
  9. 4/26/17

    1865 John Wilkes Booth, Lincoln’s assassin, was surrounded by federal troops in a barn in Virginia. He was shot and killed, either by the soldiers or by his own hand. 1937 The German Luftwaffe (air force) destroyed the Spanish town of Guernica. 1964 Tanganyika and Zanzibar joined to form Tanzania. 1986 The worst nuclear power plant accident in history occurred at Chernobyl, near Kiev, U.S.S.R. 1994 The first multi-racial elections were held in South Africa. 2000 Vermont Governor Howard Dean signed the nation's first bill allowing same-sex couples to form civil unions. *************************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA************************************************ 1607..........................Colonists land at Cape Henry, Va., They would found Jamestown the next month. Jamestown. 1 City (1990 pop. 34,681), Chautauqua co., W N.Y., on Chautauqua Lake founded c.1806, inc. as a city 1886. It is the business and financial center of a dairy, livestock, and vineyard area. The chief industries are food processing and furniture and machine manufacture. Nearby are Allegany State Park and the Chautauqua Institution, a cultural and recreational center on the lake. Lucille Ball was born in the city. 2 City (1990 pop. 15,571), seat of Stutsman co., SE N.Dak., on the James River, in a farm area founded 1871 when Fort Seward was established to protect railroad workers, inc. 1896. It is the trade and processing center for an agricultural area where grain and flour are produced and sunflowers and livestock are raised. Processed food, ordnance, and construction materials are manufactured. Jamestown College is in the city. Fort Seward Historic Site and a restored frontier village lie on the outskirts. 3 Former village, SE Va., first permanent English settlement in America est. May 14, 1607, by the London Company on a marshy peninsula (now an island) in the James River and named for the reigning English monarch, James I. Disease, starvation, and Native American attacks wiped out most of the colony, but the London Company continually sent more men and supplies, and John Smith briefly provided efficient leadership (he returned to England in 1609 for treatment of an injury). After the severe winter of 1609–10 (the starving time ), the survivors prepared to return to England but were stopped by the timely arrival of Lord De la Warr with supplies. John Rolfe cultivated the first tobacco there in 1612, introducing a successful source of livelihood in 1614 he assured peace with the local Native Americans by marrying Pocahontas , daughter of chief Powhatan. In 1619 the first representative government in the New World met at Jamestown, which remained the capital of Virginia throughout the 17th cent. The village was almost entirely destroyed during Bacon's Rebellion it was partially rebuilt but fell into decay with the removal of the capital to Williamsburg (1698–1700). Of the 17th-century settlement, only the old church tower (built c.1639) and a few gravestones were visible when National Park Service excavations began in 1934. Today, most of Jamestown Island is owned by the U.S. government and is included in Colonial National Historical Park (see National Parks and Monuments , table) a small portion comprises the Jamestown National Historic Site, which is owned by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities. A tercentenary celebration was held in 1907, and in 1957 the Jamestown Festival Park was built to commemorate the 350th anniversary. The park, which was renamed Jamestown Settlement in 1990, contains exhibit pavilions and replicas of the first fort, the three ships that brought the first settlers, and a Native American village. Excavations that began in 1994 finally uncovered the original fort at Jamestown, which had long been believed to have been eroded away by the river.
  10. 4/26/17

    Nationality French Born on 26 April 1785 AD Sun Sign Taurus Born in Les Cayes Died on 27 January 1851 AD place of death Manhattan father Jean Audubon mother Jeanne Rabin Spouse/Partner Lucy Bakewell children Victor Gifford Audubon education John Woodhouse Audubon John James Audubon, also known as Jean-Jacques Audobon, was one of the major contributors of masterpieces to American art. With an avid interest in birds and drawing right from his childhood days, Audubon went on to be the most distinguished illustrator of the 19th century. Venturing into nature and observing and exploring different American birds, he documented the species so meticulously in his books. His books “The Birds of North America” is believed to be one of the finest contributions to ornithology and art. From trying out his hand at a number of business ventures to following his heart to birds and nature, Audubon had quite an eventful life. From being born in Haiti to travelling to France, America and England, he most certainly excelled at what he was best at. With the passion, a dream and a vision John James Audubon put all his efforts including many years into the compilations of his books and eventually saw a lot of success and honor. His detailed biography gives an insight into the overwhelming and inspiring life story of this artist. While on his excursions to the West to observe Western species, Audubon’s health began to deteriorate. He became quite senile by 1848 and suffered a stroke that year. His eyesight had failed and his project on mammals, “Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America” was taken over by John Woodhouse. Audubon passed away in his home on January 27, 1851 and he was buried in the graveyard of the Church of Intercession in Minnie’s land, a 30 acre estate he had purchased in Manhattan. In Audubons honor, a monument was constructed at the center of the cemetery.
  11. 4/25/17

    1901 New York became the first state to require license plates on cars. 1915 British, Australian, and New Zealand forces landed at Gallipoli. 1945 Delegates met in San Francisco to organize the United Nations. 1953 The Francis Crick and James Watson article describing the double helix of DNA is published in the magazine Nature. 1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway opened to shipping. 1990 Violeta Barrios de Chamorro was inaugurated as president of Nicaragua. 1992 Islamic forces took over most of Kabul, Afghanistan after the Soviet-controlled government collapsed. 2003 The Georgia legislature voted to scrap the "Confederate flag" design from its state flag. ************************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA************************************************* 1928........................................The first seeing eye dog was presented to Morris S. Frank. Guide Dog, a dog trained to lead a blind person. The first school for training such dogs was established by the German government after World War I for the benefit of blinded veterans. Schools now exist in several European countries and the United States, where the pioneer Seeing Eye, Inc., founded by Dorothy Harrison Eustis in 1929 and established near Morristown, N.J., in 1932, is the best known. The master spends about a month at the school training with the already trained dog and is usually charged a nominal fee. Although the German shepherd is by far the most widely used breed for guide-dog work, several other breeds, e.g., the golden retriever, the Labrador retriever, and the Doberman pinscher, have been trained successfully for this work. Approximately 10% of the blind population can use seeing-eye dogs successfully, that fraction including scores of persons who have achieved new independence through their assistance. Applicants may be rejected on the basis of sufficient useful vision, advanced age, poor health, or unsuitable temperament.
  12. 4/25/17

    Nationality Dutch Born on 25 April 1921 Sun Sign Taurus Born in Amsterdam, Netherlands Died on 03 May 2006 place of death Zürich, Switzerland father Jan Appel mother Johanna Chevalier Married No education Royal Academy Karel Appel was an expressionist Dutch painter. He was a member of the famous COBRA, the European group of the late 1940s to early 1950s, which promoted spontaneous expressionism and abstract features in painting. Appel's paintings incorporate applications of vibrant, violent colors often possessing a primal, childlike quality or a schizophrenic innocence. Later in life, Appel turned to creating figurative sculptures. Examples of his work can be seen in the Museum of Modern Art, New York City, Boymans-Van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam, and other collections. Expressionist painter Karel Appel made a name for himself in the world of painting by creating a majestic collection of highly distinguishable work for which he became internationally renowned. From the start, art curators could not ignore Appel's work, which has been exhibited at major museums around the world, including New York's Museum of Modern Art, the Manhattan-based Guggenheim Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and the Tate Gallery in London. Though Appel is widely recognized as one of the best-known Dutch Expressionist painters of all time, he was also a passionate printmaker, sculptor, and ceramicist. Appel died on 3 May 2006 at his home in Zürich, Switzerland. He had been suffering from heart ailment. He was buried on 16 May 2006 at the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, France Years before his death, Appel established the Karel Appel Foundation, whose purpose is "to preserve [Appel's] artworks, to promote public awareness and knowledge of Karel Appel's oeuvre and to supervise publication of the Oeuvre Catalogue of the paintings, the works on paper and the sculptures." In the wake of his death, the Foundation (based in Amsterdam) functions as his official estate in addition to its primary service as an image archive. The U.S. copyright representative for the Karel Appel Foundation is the Artists Rights Society. In one obituary, New York Times writer Margalit Fox described Appel's legacy as, "Some critics discerned violence or even madness in Mr. Appel's work, with its liberal use of red and its semi-figurative images of grotesque limbs and distorted, grimacing faces. But to other viewers, the unrestrained masses of paint, which Mr. Appel sometimes squeezed onto the canvas straight from the tube, embodied the life force itself."
  13. POTW Dancing