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About PeggyB

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  1. Caption Contest #128

    Post # 8
  2. 2/10/16

    1763 Treaty of Paris signed, ending the French and Indian War. France ceded Canada and all its North American territories east of the Mississippi to Great Britain. 1837 Russian poet and novelist Alexander Pushkin was killed in a duel. 1840 Queen Victoria married Prince Albert. 1942 Glenn Miller received the first ever gold record for selling a million copies of "Chattanooga Choo Choo." 1967 The 25th Amendment was ratified, establishing presidential succession. 1996 IBM's computer, Deep Blue, beat the world chess champion, Garry Kasparov, in the first game of their match. 2005 Pulitzer Prize winning playwright Arthur Miller died.   ************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA********************************************** 1962.............................The Soviet Union exchanged captured American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers for Rudolph Abel, a Soviet spy held by the United States.   U-2 incident, in U.S. and Soviet history, the events following the Soviet downing of an American U-2 high altitude reconnaissance aircraft over Soviet territory on May 1, 1960. The incident led to the collapse of a proposed summit conference between the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France in Paris. President Eisenhower's initial claim that he had no knowledge of such flights was difficult to maintain when the Soviets produced the pilot, Francis Gary Powers, who had survived the crash. Eisenhower met Khrushchev's demand for an apology by suspending U-2 flights, but the Soviet Premier was not satisfied and the summit was canceled. Powers was sentenced to ten years in prison, but was released in 1962 in exchange for convicted Soviet spy Rudolph Abel.
  3. 2/10/16

    Nationality                           German   Born on                               10 February 1898 AD   Sun Sign                             Aquarius      Born in                                Augsburg, German Empire   Died on                               14 August 1956 AD   place of death                     East Berlin, East Germany   Spouses                              Marianne Zoff (1922–27), Helene Weigel (1930–56)   children                               Frank Banholzer (1919–43), Hanne Hiob (1923–2009), Stefan Brecht (1924–2009), Barbara Brecht-Schall (de) (born 1930)   education                           Munich University   Bertolt Brecht, born as Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, was a German poet, playwright and theatre practitioner. He was a visionary who departed from the accepted conventional norms of illusion in theatrical production and tried new approaches to develop a better understanding of drama. He insisted that the audience view the stage and actors from a realistic and rational perspective and not as the conventional “make-believe” world. He was just 16 when the World War I started – he became increasingly disillusioned with the society and started moving towards Marxism and Dadaism. Even though he had studied medicine in university, he developed a profound interest in literature. He wrote his first play ‘Baal’ in 1918 which was theatrically produced in 1923. His meeting with the novelist and playwright Lion Feuchtwanger in 1919 proved to be a turning point in his career. He worked with him on an adaptation of Christopher Marlowe’s play Edward II, which greatly inspired his theatrical and dramaturgical development. He was a part of Erwin Piscator’s first company which was dedicated to the development of its "epic, political, confrontational, documentary theatre." He also collaborated with Kurt Weill and was influenced by Chinese theatre. He, along with his wife, founded the theatre company ‘Berliner Ensemble’ during the post war years.     Trivia He was a committed Marxist throughout his life.   He coined the German term ‘Verfremdungseffekt’ which means “estrangement effect.”   The character Kaspar Prockl in Lion Feuchtwanger’s 1930 novel ‘Success’ is based on him.  
  4. 2/09/16

      1861 Jefferson Davis was chosen as the president of the Confederate States of America. 1943 The battle of Guadalcanal ended with an American victory. 1950 Senator Joseph McCarthy claimed he had evidence there were card-carrying members of the Communist Party in the State Department. 1991 Lithuanians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union. 2001 A U.S. nuclear sub struck the Ehime Maru, a Japanese fishing boat.   ********************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA************************************** 1964................................The Beatles made their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show.     British rock group that inspired the psychedelic movement of the 1960s and shaped the course of rock and roll. No band has yet equalled The Beatles's popularity and influence. Singer John Lennon and singer/bassist/pianist Paul McCartney played together in the late 1950s in The Quarrymen. With Harrison they formed The Silver Beatles in 1959, added Starr in 1962 and dropped the Silver. The 1964 song “I Want to Hold Your Hand” sparked “Beatlemania” in the United States and the band became an international success. The group's albums include A Hard Day's Night (1964), Revolver (1966) and Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967), and their films include A Hard Day's Night (1964) and Help! (1965). The group disbanded in 1970, claiming they had fulfilled their potential as a band.
  5. 2/09/16

    Also Known As                       Gordon David Strachan   Nationality                              Scotish   Born on                                 09 February 1957 AD   Sun Sign                               Aquarius     Born in                                  Edinburgh, Scotland   father                                    Jim   mother                                 Catherine   Spouse:                               Lesley Strachan   children                               Gavin Strachan, Craig Strachan   Quick-witted, unpredictable, nimble and extremely talented - Gordon Strachan has left an indelible impression as one of the greatest Scottish football giants in history. Currently serving as the manager of the national team of Scotland, his career kick started when he played for a number of leagues as the right midfielder, including Aberdeen, Dundee, Leeds United, Coventry City and finally, the Scotland National Team. He is the proud recipient of numerous accolades and awards. His long and illustrious career is dotted with 635 league games, in which he scored a total of 138 goals including 2 at the FIFA World Cup and earned 50 caps. After retiring from football at the age of 40, he became the full-time manager of Coventry and led the team through a number of leagues to FA Cup Finals. He then became the full-time manager of the Scottish Premier League and has also been inducted into the Scottish Football Hall of Fame. He is the father of footballers Craig and Gavin Strachan, who are also famous in their own right. Apart from his job as the team manager, he is a regular pundit for the ITV’s coverage of the FA Cup and is involved in countless humanitarian projects.     Trivia This famous former footballer and coach captained Scotland five times. On January 15, 2013, he was appointed as the manager of the Scotland National Football Team.
  6. Happy Birthday rokytnji

    Happy Birthday Rokytnji
  7. 2/08/16

      1587 Mary Queen of Scots was beheaded. 1870 The National Weather Service was established under the U.S. Army Signal Corps. 1904 The Russo-Japanese war began when the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the Russian fleet at Port Arthur in northeast China. 1915 D. W. Griffith's controversial epic, The Birth of a Nation premiered in Los Angeles. 1924 The gas chamber was used for the first time as a method of execution in the United States. Gangster Gee Jon was put to death at the Nevada State Prison in Carson City. 1960 The payola (pay for broadcast airplay) hearings opened in the U.S. House of Representatives. Dick Clark would testify in April. 1980 President Jimmy Carter revealed his plan to reinstate selective service draft registration.   ********************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA************************************************** 1693............................College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va., received its charter, becoming the second institution of higher learning in the United States.   William and Mary in Virginia, College of, mainly at Williamsburg; state supported; coeducational; chartered 1693, opened 1694 by Episcopalians under James Blair. It became a university in 1779. The second oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, it traces its descent from plans for a university of Henrico in 1618, which were put aside after the Native American massacre of 1622. The college was closed when it was occupied (1781) by Revolutionary troops, in the Civil War, and again from 1881 to 1888 for lack of funds (see Ewell, Benjamin Stoddert). Phi Beta Kappa was founded there in 1776, and in 1779 the elective system and the honor system were first introduced. William and Mary established the first school of law in the United States and pioneered also in the teaching of political economy, natural philosophy, and modern history and languages. State aid was introduced in 1888, and the college joined the Virginia educational system in 1906. It became coeducational in 1918 and achieved university status in 1967. The Institute of Early American History and Culture, which publishes the historical periodical The William and Mary Quarterly, is there. The college library houses noted collections relating to Virginian and U.S. history.
  8. 2/08/16

    Nationality                                  American   Born on                                     08 February 1911   Sun Sign                                   Aquarius     Born in                                      Worcester   Died on                                     06 October 1979   place of death                           Boston   education Vassar College Walnut Hill School   awards 1945 - Houghton Mifflin Poetry Prize Fellowship 1950 - American Academy of Arts and Letters Award 1953 - Shelley Memorial Award   Elizabeth Bishop was an extremely admired American poet, quite popular for her striking sense of witty and descriptive poems. Bishop was the Poet Laureate of U.S from the year 1949 to 1950. During her lifetime, she was honored with a Pulitzer Prize in 1956 for her 1955's “North & South” and a National Book Award for poetry in 1970. Additionally, she was also bestowed upon with a National Book Critics Circle Award as well as two Guggenheim Fellowships and an Ingram Merrill Foundation grant. The poetry of Bishop contained a remarkable finish and charming imagination. Eventually, her works gained ultra fame and in the recent years, they have been greatly attracting readers as well as critics. Also “Elizabeth Bishop House” is an artists' retreat located in Great Village, Nova Scotia which is dedicated to this great poet of the 20th century. Bishop’s short stories and poetry were first published in “The New Yorker”.     Bishop died on October 6, 1979 of a cerebral aneurysm in her apartment at Lewis Wharf, Boston. She was interred in Worcester, Massachusetts.  
  9. 2/07/16

    1795 The 11th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified. 1904 Disastrous fire destroyed more than 1,500 buildings in downtown Baltimore. 1964 The Beatles arrived in the U.S. for the first time. 1971 Women in Switzerland were finally granted suffrage. 1974 The island of Grenada won its independence from Britain 1986 President Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier fled Haiti. 1990 The Communist Party of the Soviet Union allowed other parties to compete for power. 1991 Jean-Bertrand Aristide sworn in as first democratically-elected president of Haiti.   ***************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA******************************************* 1926.....................Carter G. Woodson founded Negro History Week, which later evolved into Black History Month.   Americans have recognized black history annually since 1926, first as "Negro History Week" and later as "Black History Month." What you might not know is that black history had barely begun to be studied-or even documented-when the tradition originated. Although blacks have been in America at least as far back as colonial times, it was not until the 20th century that they gained a respectable presence in the history books. Blacks Absent from History Books We owe the celebration of Black History Month, and more importantly, the study of black history, to Dr. Carter G. Woodson. Born to parents who were former slaves, he spent his childhood working in the Kentucky coal mines and enrolled in high school at age twenty. He graduated within two years and later went on to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard. The scholar was disturbed to find in his studies that history books largely ignored the black American population-and when blacks did figure into the picture, it was generally in ways that reflected the inferior social position they were assigned at the time. Established Journal of Negro History Woodson, always one to act on his ambitions, decided to take on the challenge of writing black Americans into the nation's history. He established the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (now called the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History) in 1915, and a year later founded the widely respected Journal of Negro History. In 1926, he launched Negro History Week as an initiative to bring national attention to the contributions of black people throughout American history. Woodson chose the second week of February for Negro History Week because it marks the birthdays of two men who greatly influenced the black American population, Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln. However, February has much more than Douglass and Lincoln to show for its significance in black American history. For example: February 23, 1868: W. E. B. DuBois, important civil rights leader and co-founder of the NAACP, was born. February 3, 1870: The 15th Amendment was passed, granting blacks the right to vote. February 25, 1870: The first black U.S. senator, Hiram R. Revels (1822-1901), took his oath of office. February 12, 1909: The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded by a group of concerned black and white citizens in New York City. February 1, 1960: In what would become a civil-rights movement milestone, a group of black Greensboro, N.C., college students began a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter. February 21, 1965: Malcolm X, the militant leader who promoted Black Nationalism, was shot to death by three Black Muslims.
  10. 2/07/16

    Also Known As           Boz, Charles John Huffam Dickens, Dickens, Dickens Charles, C. Dickens, Charles John Huffham Dickens   Nationality                  British        religion                       Anglicanism   Born on                      07 February 1812 AD   Sun Sign                    Aquarius     Born in                       Landport   Died on                      09 June 1870 AD   place of death           Gads Hill Place   father                        John Dickens   mother                      Elizabeth Dickens   siblings                     Augustus Dickens, Frederick Dickens, Frances Dickens, Letitia Dickens, Harriet Dickens, Alfred Lamert Dickens, Alfred Allen Dickens   Spouse:                    Catherine Dickens   children                    Charles Dickens, Jr., Francis Dickens, Dora Annie Dickens, Mary Dickens, Walter Landor Dickens, Edward Dickens, Henry Fielding Dickens, Kate Perugini, Sydney Smith Haldimand Dickens, Alfred D'Orsay Tennyson Dickens   Humanitarian Work       Founded the 'Urania Cottage'   One of the most widely read English authors of all time Charles Dickens is famous for his novels that touch upon the sensitive issues of poverty, child labour, and slavery. During a time, when depravity and oppression were the norms of English society, this talented writer had the courage to voice his opinions against these conditions. Gathering inspiration from his childhood experiences of poverty and insecurity, his novels are usually semi-autobiographical. This author was gifted with a powerful memory, and most of the characters in his novels are based on people he met and got acquainted with. This includes his own parents, who were the models for characters Mr. and Mrs. Micawber in the famous novel ‘David Copperfield’. The characters created by this novelist are popular because of their idiosyncrasies and quirky names. Some of his popular novels are 'Oliver Twist', 'A Christmas Carol', and 'Hard Times', amongst many more. Though known for his social commentary on the prevalent conditions in England, the literary works of novelist gained popularity amongst readers, editors and publishers alike. His books have seen more than 200 adaptations for the big screen, including 'The Pickwick Papers', a silent movie made in the early 20th century.     Trivia Phrases like “Merry Christmas!” and “Bah! Humbug”, have become popular after their use in one of his famous novels.