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About PeggyB

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  • Birthday 11/17/1947

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  1. Weather 4-26-17

  2. 4/26/17

    1865 John Wilkes Booth, Lincoln’s assassin, was surrounded by federal troops in a barn in Virginia. He was shot and killed, either by the soldiers or by his own hand. 1937 The German Luftwaffe (air force) destroyed the Spanish town of Guernica. 1964 Tanganyika and Zanzibar joined to form Tanzania. 1986 The worst nuclear power plant accident in history occurred at Chernobyl, near Kiev, U.S.S.R. 1994 The first multi-racial elections were held in South Africa. 2000 Vermont Governor Howard Dean signed the nation's first bill allowing same-sex couples to form civil unions. *************************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA************************************************ 1607..........................Colonists land at Cape Henry, Va., They would found Jamestown the next month. Jamestown. 1 City (1990 pop. 34,681), Chautauqua co., W N.Y., on Chautauqua Lake founded c.1806, inc. as a city 1886. It is the business and financial center of a dairy, livestock, and vineyard area. The chief industries are food processing and furniture and machine manufacture. Nearby are Allegany State Park and the Chautauqua Institution, a cultural and recreational center on the lake. Lucille Ball was born in the city. 2 City (1990 pop. 15,571), seat of Stutsman co., SE N.Dak., on the James River, in a farm area founded 1871 when Fort Seward was established to protect railroad workers, inc. 1896. It is the trade and processing center for an agricultural area where grain and flour are produced and sunflowers and livestock are raised. Processed food, ordnance, and construction materials are manufactured. Jamestown College is in the city. Fort Seward Historic Site and a restored frontier village lie on the outskirts. 3 Former village, SE Va., first permanent English settlement in America est. May 14, 1607, by the London Company on a marshy peninsula (now an island) in the James River and named for the reigning English monarch, James I. Disease, starvation, and Native American attacks wiped out most of the colony, but the London Company continually sent more men and supplies, and John Smith briefly provided efficient leadership (he returned to England in 1609 for treatment of an injury). After the severe winter of 1609–10 (the starving time ), the survivors prepared to return to England but were stopped by the timely arrival of Lord De la Warr with supplies. John Rolfe cultivated the first tobacco there in 1612, introducing a successful source of livelihood in 1614 he assured peace with the local Native Americans by marrying Pocahontas , daughter of chief Powhatan. In 1619 the first representative government in the New World met at Jamestown, which remained the capital of Virginia throughout the 17th cent. The village was almost entirely destroyed during Bacon's Rebellion it was partially rebuilt but fell into decay with the removal of the capital to Williamsburg (1698–1700). Of the 17th-century settlement, only the old church tower (built c.1639) and a few gravestones were visible when National Park Service excavations began in 1934. Today, most of Jamestown Island is owned by the U.S. government and is included in Colonial National Historical Park (see National Parks and Monuments , table) a small portion comprises the Jamestown National Historic Site, which is owned by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities. A tercentenary celebration was held in 1907, and in 1957 the Jamestown Festival Park was built to commemorate the 350th anniversary. The park, which was renamed Jamestown Settlement in 1990, contains exhibit pavilions and replicas of the first fort, the three ships that brought the first settlers, and a Native American village. Excavations that began in 1994 finally uncovered the original fort at Jamestown, which had long been believed to have been eroded away by the river.
  3. 4/26/17

    Nationality French Born on 26 April 1785 AD Sun Sign Taurus Born in Les Cayes Died on 27 January 1851 AD place of death Manhattan father Jean Audubon mother Jeanne Rabin Spouse/Partner Lucy Bakewell children Victor Gifford Audubon education John Woodhouse Audubon John James Audubon, also known as Jean-Jacques Audobon, was one of the major contributors of masterpieces to American art. With an avid interest in birds and drawing right from his childhood days, Audubon went on to be the most distinguished illustrator of the 19th century. Venturing into nature and observing and exploring different American birds, he documented the species so meticulously in his books. His books “The Birds of North America” is believed to be one of the finest contributions to ornithology and art. From trying out his hand at a number of business ventures to following his heart to birds and nature, Audubon had quite an eventful life. From being born in Haiti to travelling to France, America and England, he most certainly excelled at what he was best at. With the passion, a dream and a vision John James Audubon put all his efforts including many years into the compilations of his books and eventually saw a lot of success and honor. His detailed biography gives an insight into the overwhelming and inspiring life story of this artist. While on his excursions to the West to observe Western species, Audubon’s health began to deteriorate. He became quite senile by 1848 and suffered a stroke that year. His eyesight had failed and his project on mammals, “Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America” was taken over by John Woodhouse. Audubon passed away in his home on January 27, 1851 and he was buried in the graveyard of the Church of Intercession in Minnie’s land, a 30 acre estate he had purchased in Manhattan. In Audubons honor, a monument was constructed at the center of the cemetery.
  4. 4/25/17

    1901 New York became the first state to require license plates on cars. 1915 British, Australian, and New Zealand forces landed at Gallipoli. 1945 Delegates met in San Francisco to organize the United Nations. 1953 The Francis Crick and James Watson article describing the double helix of DNA is published in the magazine Nature. 1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway opened to shipping. 1990 Violeta Barrios de Chamorro was inaugurated as president of Nicaragua. 1992 Islamic forces took over most of Kabul, Afghanistan after the Soviet-controlled government collapsed. 2003 The Georgia legislature voted to scrap the "Confederate flag" design from its state flag. ************************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA************************************************* 1928........................................The first seeing eye dog was presented to Morris S. Frank. Guide Dog, a dog trained to lead a blind person. The first school for training such dogs was established by the German government after World War I for the benefit of blinded veterans. Schools now exist in several European countries and the United States, where the pioneer Seeing Eye, Inc., founded by Dorothy Harrison Eustis in 1929 and established near Morristown, N.J., in 1932, is the best known. The master spends about a month at the school training with the already trained dog and is usually charged a nominal fee. Although the German shepherd is by far the most widely used breed for guide-dog work, several other breeds, e.g., the golden retriever, the Labrador retriever, and the Doberman pinscher, have been trained successfully for this work. Approximately 10% of the blind population can use seeing-eye dogs successfully, that fraction including scores of persons who have achieved new independence through their assistance. Applicants may be rejected on the basis of sufficient useful vision, advanced age, poor health, or unsuitable temperament.
  5. 4/25/17

    Nationality Dutch Born on 25 April 1921 Sun Sign Taurus Born in Amsterdam, Netherlands Died on 03 May 2006 place of death Zürich, Switzerland father Jan Appel mother Johanna Chevalier Married No education Royal Academy Karel Appel was an expressionist Dutch painter. He was a member of the famous COBRA, the European group of the late 1940s to early 1950s, which promoted spontaneous expressionism and abstract features in painting. Appel's paintings incorporate applications of vibrant, violent colors often possessing a primal, childlike quality or a schizophrenic innocence. Later in life, Appel turned to creating figurative sculptures. Examples of his work can be seen in the Museum of Modern Art, New York City, Boymans-Van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam, and other collections. Expressionist painter Karel Appel made a name for himself in the world of painting by creating a majestic collection of highly distinguishable work for which he became internationally renowned. From the start, art curators could not ignore Appel's work, which has been exhibited at major museums around the world, including New York's Museum of Modern Art, the Manhattan-based Guggenheim Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and the Tate Gallery in London. Though Appel is widely recognized as one of the best-known Dutch Expressionist painters of all time, he was also a passionate printmaker, sculptor, and ceramicist. Appel died on 3 May 2006 at his home in Zürich, Switzerland. He had been suffering from heart ailment. He was buried on 16 May 2006 at the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, France Years before his death, Appel established the Karel Appel Foundation, whose purpose is "to preserve [Appel's] artworks, to promote public awareness and knowledge of Karel Appel's oeuvre and to supervise publication of the Oeuvre Catalogue of the paintings, the works on paper and the sculptures." In the wake of his death, the Foundation (based in Amsterdam) functions as his official estate in addition to its primary service as an image archive. The U.S. copyright representative for the Karel Appel Foundation is the Artists Rights Society. In one obituary, New York Times writer Margalit Fox described Appel's legacy as, "Some critics discerned violence or even madness in Mr. Appel's work, with its liberal use of red and its semi-figurative images of grotesque limbs and distorted, grimacing faces. But to other viewers, the unrestrained masses of paint, which Mr. Appel sometimes squeezed onto the canvas straight from the tube, embodied the life force itself."
  6. 4/24/17

    1898 Spain declared war on the U.S.. 1915 Turks began deportation of Armenians that led to the massacre of between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians. 1916 The Easter Rebellion begins in Dublin, Ireland. Although unsuccessful, the uprising was an important symbolic event leading to the establishment of the Republic of Ireland. 1953 Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. 1990 The shuttle Discovery blasted off with the Hubble Space Telescope. ******************************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA******************************************* 1800.............................................Library of Congress was established. Library of Congress, national library of the United States, Washington, D.C., est. 1800. It occcupies three buildings on Capitol Hill: The Thomas Jefferson Building (1897), the John Adams Building (1938), and the James Madison Building (1981). Thomas Jefferson while vice president was a prime mover in the creation of the library, and he supported it strongly during his presidency. In 1814, when much of the collection was destroyed by fire, Jefferson offered his own fine library to the Congress. This formed the basis of the collection until 1851, when fire destroyed some 35,000 volumes. The growth of the library progressed slowly thereafter until the passage of the Copyright Act of 1870, which required the deposit in the library of all copyright material. The acquisition in 1866 of the Smithsonian Institution's collection of 44,000 volumes and the purchase of the Peter Force collection of Americana (60,000 volumes 1867) and the Joseph M. Toner American and Medical Library (24,000 volumes 1892) made it one of the world's great libraries. Originally primarily intended to serve the legislative branch of the government, it is now open to the public as a reference library and sends out many books through an interlibrary loan system. It has African and Middle Eastern, Asian, European, and Hispanic divisions a law library and excellent collections of manuscripts, periodicals, monographs and serials, incunabula , geography and maps, rare books, prints and photographs, motion pictures, music and recordings, sheet music, science and technology, visual materials, microforms, and computer files, representing materials in more than 450 languages. The Library of Congress contains more than 138 million items, including about 21 million books, 5 million maps, and 61 million manuscripts. Its Online Catalog provides a database of some 12 million items from its collections. The library sells duplicate catalog entries to smaller libraries for the books it adds to its collections. It provides other vital services to libraries through its many bibliographic functions (among them maintaining the National Union Catalog of the holdings of 700 large libraries in the United States and running the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped) and its Copyright Office. The library's Poetry and Literature Center (est. 1936) is the home of the U.S. poet laureate . The National Audio-Visual Conservation Center, opened in Culpeper, Va., in 2007, is the home of the library's large film and recording collection. Mainly supported by congressional appropriations, the library also has income from gifts by foundations and individuals, administered by the Library of Congress Trust Fund Board.
  7. 4/24/17

    Nationality Indian Born on 24 April 1973 AD Sun Sign Taurus Born in Mumbai, India father Ramesh Tendulkar mother Rajni Tendulkar Spouse/Partner Anjali children Sara and Arjun Net worth $160 million awards Arjuna Award (1994) Wisden Cricketer of the Year (1997) Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (1998) Padma Shri (1999) Padma Vibhushan (2008) Bharat Ratna (2014) When Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar made his test debut against Pakistan as a 16 year old, little did the world know that the curly-haired teenager would one day become one of the greatest legends of the game. In his homeland, India, Sachin is more than just a popular sportsperson; he is an institution in himself. He is not just loved and respected, but revered. Called the “God of Cricket” by his fans, Sachin has ruled the game for well over two decades—a very rare feat for a sportsperson. Widely considered to be the greatest cricketer ever, he is the only player to have scored one hundred international centuries. Born into a middle class home in Bombay, he started playing cricket while still a little boy and made his international test debut at the tender age of 16! And thus began the journey of a cricketer who would smash several long standing records and create unbelievable new ones. Keeping in view his awesome performance, he was made the captain of the Indian team. Captaincy however did not suit him and he resigned. In spite of his iconic status, Sachin is known to be a simple and principled man which further adds to his popularity. Top 10 Facts You Did Not Know About Sachin Tendulkar As a young boy, Sachin Tendulkar wanted to become a fast bowler but was rejected by Dennis Lillee's MRF Pace Foundation in 1987. He served as a ball boy for the match between India and Zimbabwe at the Wankhede Stadium during the 1987 World Cup. What if someone tells you that Sachin Tendulkar fielded for Pakistan in a match! Yes, you heard it right. Sachin Tendulkar fielded as a substitute during a one-day practice match against India at Brabourne Stadium in 1988 On his test debut against Pakistan, he wore the pads gifted to him by Sunil Gavaskar. Sachin is ambidextrous; he bats with his right hand, but writes with his left. He is the recipient of Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna Award and Padma Shri— the only cricketer to win all three of them. He had a habit of sleepwalking as well as talking in his sleep. He received a bottle of champagne when he won the man-of-match award for his first Test ton in 1990. But he was not allowed to pop it open as he was below 18 years! As a popular cricketer he might have endorsed several famous brands but the first brand that he endorsed was the health drink 'Boost'. He is the first sportsperson without an aviation background to be awarded the honorary rank of Group Captain by the Indian Air Force. Trivia At 40 years of age this famous sportsperson became the youngest ever to receive the Bharat Ratna.
  8. 4/23/17

    1954 Hank Aaron hit the first of his 755 home runs. 1969 Sirhan Sirhan was sentenced to death (later reduced to a life sentence) for the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy. 1985 Coca-Cola announced that it was changing its formula and introduced New Coke. 1998 James Earl Ray, convicted of assassinating Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., died. 2004 The U.S. resumed diplomatic relations with Libya. ************************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA************************************************* 1616....................................Playwright William Shakespeare died in Stratford-on-Avon, England. Stratford-on-Avon, district (2001 pop. 111,484), Warwickshire, central England, on the Avon River. The town and former borough of Stratford-upon-Avon is the administrative seat of the district, which also includes towns of Alcester, Shipston-on-Stour, and Southam. Stratford-upon-Avon, a market town with light industries, owes its fame to its associations with William Shakespeare . A gabled building on Henley St., believed to be the poet's birthplace, is open to the public. The site of the home he purchased in 1597, and where he died in 1616, is marked (the building having been torn down in 1759). His grave is beside that of his wife, Anne Hathaway (whose home, Anne Hathaway's Cottage, is near Stratford), in the old Church of the Holy Trinity. The church has a bust and memorial to the poet and a stained-glass window (given by Americans in 1885) depicting Shakespeare's seven ages of man. The town's principal memorial is the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, where annual Shakespeare festivals are held. The first theater, built in the late 19th cent., was destroyed by fire in 1926, but the attached gallery, library, and museum were saved. The current theater was dedicated as the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in 1932 it was extensively redesigned and renovated in 2007–10. The Royal Shakespeare Company operates several venues in Stratford, including the Swan Theatre. Most of the structures and places in Stratford connected with the life of Shakespeare were acquired by the nation in the 19th cent. Edward VI's Grammar School, which Shakespeare may have attended, is national property. Shakespeare scholars from all over the world attend the Shakespeare Institute of the Univ. of Birmingham. In 1964 the Shakespeare Centre was established on Henley St. in Stratford.
  9. 4/23/17

    Nationality Ukrainian Born on 23 April 1891 AD Sun Sign Taurus Born in Krasne, Ukraine Died on 05 March 1953 AD place of death Moscow father Sergei Alekseevich Prokofiev mother Maria Grigoryevna Zhitkova Spouses/Partners Mira Mendelson (m. 1948–1953), Lina Prokofiev (m. 1923–1941) children Oleg Prokofiev, Sviatoslav Prokofiev education St Petersburg Conservatory awards Six Stalin Prizes Lenin Prize Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev was a Russian composer, pianist and conductor born in the late nineteenth century in what today is known as eastern Ukraine. Composing his first music at the age of five, he entered St. Petersburg Conservatory at the age of thirteen and made his first public appearance four years later. Soon he made his name known nationwide, but after the February Revolution, he realized that he had little scope in Russia and left first for USA and then for France with an official passport. Later he returned to his homeland and by the age of fifty-four began to be counted as the foremost composer of Soviet Union. Unfortunately soon after that, he fell foul with the authorities and had eight of his major works banned from public performances. His last years were spent in ill health and financial constraints, but a few years after his death, he once again began to be counted as one of the best Russian composers working in every genre of music, including symphonies, concerti, film music, operas, ballets, and program pieces. Trivia Prokofiev died on the same day as Stalin. People mourning Stalin’s death thronged the street, as a result of which, Prokofiev’s body could not be taken out for his funeral service for three days.
  10. POTW Carousels

    Post 4 Pic 2